Words to use instead of SAID
There is nothing wrong with using the word said in written dialogue. Be careful not to treat the word said as a word to be avoided. Well written dialogue should never rely on tags such as the ones below, but should convey its own attitude. When using words instead of said, be sure you utilize them properly. For example, you cannot laugh and talk, or sneeze and talk at the same time. "That is so funny, laughed Bob," should not be used. A person can laugh before or after they speak, but not while they speak. Think about how your character is going to speak and the emotion that they are experiencing. Think it out before you write it down. Let me give you some examples. The following sentence does not use the word said:
"I hate you," spat Bob in disgust. Now think about that sentence. Can a person spit in disgust and speak at the same time?
Watch what happens this time when I use the word said and describe Bob's actions:
"I hate you," said Bob as he clenched his fists. His lips snarled with rage as he stormed out the room, vowing never to return.
Here is another example where the word said works just fine:
"Do have some more gravy, Bob," said Darla, spooning it out herself.
For dialogue to be effective it must appear to be realistic. The person reading your story must believe that your characters actually talk this way. You should use dialogue to reveal insights into characters, set the mood, and even to clarify plot points. I was once told that when writing dialogue, to think of it as action. Use dialogue to make something happen.

You may notice that some words on the list below cannot be used as replacements for said. These words have been added to assist you to enhance your dialogue and make it more descriptive. For example, the word “quietly” cannot be used instead of said, but it can enhance your dialogue.
Ms. Maple covered her lips with her index finger until she had the attention of the entire class. “Let's use our inside voices,” she said quietly.

Be sure to visit the examples page to see how to use some of these words. Any word that is hyperlinked and has a beside it will open up a window with its example as well as being on the examples page. The definitions used in the examples came from dictionary.com. Be sure to use your dictionary for more definitions.
Use the list below carefully and remember that there is nothing wrong with using the word said in dialogue.

accuse 
X accuse:

(adjective) to charge with a fault, offense, or crime.

“Professor Plum murdered Colonel Mustard!” accused Miss Peacock.

acknowledgedaddedaddressedadmitted
advisedaffirmedagreedannouncedanswered
apologizedapprovedarguedaskedasserted
assured 
X assured:

(adjective) to be sure or certain of something; very confident.

“The monsters don't come out during the day,” assured Mack. (submitted by Kayla F.)

avowed 
X avowed:

(adjective) acknowledged; declared.

“I have not eaten chocolate for over thirty days!” she avowed rather forcefully.

babbled badgered 
X badgered:

(verb) to harass or urge persistently; pester; nag.

“Why are you not responding?” She badgered, poking him in the ribs. (submitted by Rhianna H.)

barked
bawledbeamedbeganbeggedbellowed
betbickeredbleated blubbered 
X blubbered:

(verb) an act of weeping noisily and without restraint.

With little prompting, she spilled the whole glorious story in its entirety. Exhausted and tearful, she blubbered, “It's all my fault.” (submitted by Holly T.)

blurted
boasted 
X boasted:

(verb) to be excessively proud, to brag, or be vain.

“Winning the kickball tournament was as easy as pie,” Sean boasted. (submitted by Kayla F.)

boomedbraggedbreathedbroke in
bubbledbuggedburst out cackled 
X cackled:

(verb) to laugh in a shrill, broken manner.

“You'll never escape!” she cackled. (submitted by Rhianna H.)

cajoled
calledcautionedchallengedchattedchattered
cheered chided 
X chided:

(verb) to express disapproval of; scold; reproach.

“It's not your hair that needs to be brushed, it's your teeth that need it,” chided Mary as she watched her husband in the mirror.

chimed in chirped 
X chirped:

(verb) to say something in a lively and cheerful way.

“Come sit down,” she chirped, as she scooted over, leaving me a seat. (submitted by Tatum P.)

chittered
chokedchortledchorusedchuckledclaimed
clarifiedclucked coached 
X coached:

(verb) to give instruction or advice.

He paused, not knowing what to say. “Tell them about your socks,” he coached. (submitted by Neil F.)

coaxedcomforted
commandedcommentedcomplained complimented 
X complimented:

(verb) an expression of praise, commendation, or admiration.

“You look nice today,” complimented Ben. (submitted by Nathaniel T.)

conceded
concluded concurred 
X concurred:

(verb) to accord in opinion; agree.

“Shall we dine?” Alice asked. “Indeed!” Bob concurred. (submitted by Anastasia K.)

confessedconfided confirmed 
X confirmed:

(adjective) made certain as to truth, accuracy, validity, availability, etc.

“She has a concussion,” the nurse confirmed. (submitted by Alorie F.)

congratulatedcontinued contributed 
X contributed:

(verb) to give something: i.e. time, information, suggetions, etc.

“I don't know what to do!” Sue cried. “Maybe you could talk to him?” Allen contributed. (submitted by Emilia R.)

convincedcooed
correctedcoughedcounteredcriedcroaked
crowedcurseddareddecideddeclared
defended 
X defended:

(verb) to support in the face of criticism.

“He didn't mean to,” defended Michael quickly. (submitted by Alexa C.)

demanded demurred 
X demurred:

(verb) to make objection, especially on the grounds of scruples; take exception; object.

“Sure.” He jumped to his feet. “I'm sorry to have kept you.“ “No, no,” Anne demurred. (submitted by Jennie G.)

denieddescribed
disagreeddiscloseddivulgeddoubteddrawled
dribbledechoed effused 
X effused:

(verb) to talk in an unrestrained, excited manner.

“You look so radiant, so stunning, so fabulous in that dress, that I, I, I, just don't know what to say,” effused Alice.

encouraged 
X encouraged:

(verb) to inspire with courage or confidence.

“Do it.” he encouraged. (submitted by Alysha B.)

ended
exasperated 
X exasperated:

(verb) to irritate or provoke high degree; annoy extremely.

“This is the last time I help you,” exasperated Maddison as she sighed heavily. (submitted by Maddy & David)

exclaimed 
X exclaimed:

(verb) to cry out or speak suddenly and vehemently, as in surprise, strong emotion, or protest.

“I made the team!” Lizzy exclaimed. (submitted by Helenaluciana M)

explained exploded 
X exploded:

(verb) to burst forth violently or emotionally, especially with noise, laughter, or violent speech.

“You told me this report was finished last Friday!” exploded Bob. “You haven't even started on it!”

exulted 
X exulted:

(verb) to show or feel a lively or triumphant joy; rejoice exceedingly; be highly elated or jubilant.

He hurled the ball as hard as he could at the stumps, and to his delight, it clipped the offside of one, and the bail flicked off. “Yes!” he exulted, pumping his fist in the air in delight. (submitted by Chris G.)

finishedfrettedgaspedgawkedgently
gibed 
X gibed or jibed:

(verb) to make insulting, taunting, heckling, or jeering remarks.

“Still afraid of the dark, aren't you!” gibed Tom at Sam's cowardice.

giggledgloatedgoadedgreeted
grimaced 
X grimaced:

(noun) a facial expression, often ugly or contorted, that indicates disapproval, pain, etc.

“Just stitch me up and let's get out of here,” he grimaced, his face vainly trying to conceal the pain. (submitted by Rhianna H.)

groanedgrowledgruntedgrumbled
guessedgulpedgurgledgushed harshly 
X harshly:

(adjective) grim or unpleasantly severe; stern; cruel; austere

“You're a fool, boy!” Randall said harshly. (submitted by Bridgette H.)

hintedhissedholleredhowledhuffed
hummed 
X hummed:

(verb) an inarticulate sound uttered in contemplation, hesitation, dissatisfaction, doubt, etc.

“Shall we leave?” He asked. “Yes,” she hummed, grabbing his hand. (submitted by Rhianna H.)

hypothesizedimitatedimpliedinformed
inquiredinsistedinsultedinterjectedinterrupted
intoned 
X intoned:

(verb) to utter with a particular tone or voice modulation, such as singing or chanting

“Don't be concerned,” Lilith gently intoned, “I never meant to insult you.”

instructedjeeredjestedjibed
joked lamented 
X lamented:

(adjective) mourned for, as a person who is dead.

“The spires used to be so shiny and beautiful,” she lamented. “It's such a shame they're gone.”

laughedlecturedlied
lispedmaintained marveled 
X marveled (U.S. spelling) marveled (U.K. spelling):

(noun) something that causes wonder, admiration, or astonishment.

“You saved my life,” marveled Amy. (submitted by Alison S.)

mentionedmimicked
moanedmumbledmurmuredmused mocked 
X mocked:

(verb) to treat with ridicule or contempt.

“Sure you do,” he mocked, rolling his eyes. “You know everything.” (submitted by Tara N.)

motionedmutterednaggednoddednoted
notifiedobjectedobservedoffered opined 
X opined:

(verb) to hold or express an opinion.

“My brother is a genius,” he opined.

orderedpanted perplexed 
X perplexed:

(adjective) bewildered; puzzled.

“I don't understand,” she said perplexed. (submitted by Elvey T.)

pesteredpiped
pleadedpledpointed outponderedpraised
prayedproclaimedpromisedpronouncedproposed
protestedprovokedpurredput in puzzled 
X puzzled:

(verb) unable to understand; perplexed or confused.

“Why did you cheat on your math test?” asked my mom as she passed her hand over her face and looked puzzled. (submitted by Cindy P.)

quaveredqueriedquestioned quietly 
X quietly:

(adjective) making little to no noise or sound.

Ms. Maple covered her lips with her index finger until she had the attention of the entire class. “Let's use our inside voices,” she said quietly.

quipped
quizzed 
X quizzed:

(verb) to question closely.

“What exactly was Humpty Dumpty?” quizzed the teacher after she had read aloud the nursery rhyme.

quoted raged 
X raged:

(noun) a fit of violent anger.

“Put down my cup!” raged David's dad as he attempted to steal the last of the delicious juice. (submitted by Maddy & David)

ranted reasoned 
X reasoned:

(noun) a statement presented in justification or explanation of a belief or action.

“It's impossible to finish by tomorrow,” Ashley reasoned. “Can't we have another day?” (submitted by Sarah S.)

reassuredrecalledreckoned recounted 
X recounted:

(verb) to give an account of an event or experience.

“No, Mr. Johnson told us that the homework was due on Tuesday,” Sherri recounted, documenting the teachers previous instructions. (submitted by Hannah L.)

reiterated 
X reiterated:

(verb) to repeat something you have already said in order to emphasize it.

“For the last time, whales do not eat humans,” reiterated Bob as he wondered how many times he would have to repeat himself.

relatedremarkedrememberedremindedrepeated
repliedreportedrequestedresoundedresponded
retaliated 
X retaliated:

(verb) to return like for like, especially evil for evil.

“You are an insignificant fool!” she retaliated. (submitted by Arden G.)

retortedrevealedridiculedroared
sangsassedscreamedscoffedscolded
seethedshotshoutedshriekedshrilled
sighed simpered 
X simpered:

(verb) to smile in a silly, self-conscious way.

“I really like Troy,” she said a little bit too loudly. Then she noticed him looking at her, and simpered.

slurredsmiledsmirked
snappedsnarledsneered sneezed 
X sneezed:

(verb) to emit air or breath suddenly, forcibly, and audibly through the nose and mouth by involuntary, spasmodic action.

“I thought you knew I was allergic to daisies.” David scrunched up his face and sneezed. “Please take them out of the room, I can hardly breath.”

snickered
sniffedsniffledsnorted spat 
X spat:

(verb) to engage in a petty quarrel or dispute.

“Sally!” Adam spat, “it's time for bed. Go wash up.” Sally walked tiredly with her eyes almost completely shut, towards the house. (submitted by a student in the 4th grade)

speculated
spokesobbed spilled 
X spilled:

(verb) to divulge, disclose, or tell.

“Did he confess?” “Yes, under duress, he spilled the whole story.” (submitted by Holly T.)

spluttered 
X spluttered:

(verb) to talk rapidly and somewhat incoherently, as when confused, excited, or embarrassed.

“But, like … when, um, … how?” he spluttered.

 
sputteredsqueakedsquealedstammered started 
X started:

(noun) the first part or beginning segment of anything.

“Well,” started Jill, “I think we should go to the park.” (submitted by Charlotte C.)

statedstormed stressed 
X stressed:

(noun) importance attached to a thing.

“I need it,” he stressed. (submitted by K.J.)

stutteredsuggested
surmisedtauntedtauntinglyteasedtempted
tested testified 
X testified:

(verb) to bear witness; give evidence.

“Well your honor, there is no evidence that he stole the diamond,” the lawyer testified. (submitted by Grace R.)

theorizedthreatenedtold
trilledthankedutteredvolunteeredvowed
wailedurgedwarnedwent onwept
wheezedwhimperedwhinedwhispered wondered 
X wondered:

(verb) to speculate curiously or be curious about; be curious to know.

“How many times have I written that,” he wondered.

worriedyawnedyakked yelled 
X yelled:

(verb) to cry out or speak with a strong, loud, clear sound; shout.

“Get out of here!” he yelled. “The house is on fire!” (submitted by Amelia W.)

yelped

Do you have a word that you think should be added to this list, or a comment?
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To those of you who have e-mailed suggestions to me, I would like to say thank you very much. This page is a success because of you.
Steven P. Wickstrom

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